by Dr. Hsien-Hsien Lei
Posted January 10, 2008 in DNA Podcasts and Videos, DNA Testing
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is telling doctors what they should advise their patients when it comes to genome scans. And the advice is basically – Don’t Do It!
Here are the concerns about genome scans as raised by the NEJM article (much of them overlap with those raised by the American Society of Human Genetics):
- Analytic Validity – Quality control and oversight are unclear. Genetic tests may be highly accurate and reliable but even low error rates may mean large numbers of mistaken genotypes because each genome scan involves half a million to a million SNPs.
- Clinical Validity – Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value for each test are unclear. Complex diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease, are caused by more than one gene variant as well as gene and environment interactions.
- Clinical Utility – The desired effect on a patient’s clinical care is unclear especially when most health interventions would apply even without genetic information, e.g. smoking cessation and weight loss. Also, co-author Dr. Muin Khoury says in the podcast below that family history is still more important clinically than results from genome scans.
The authors conclude that genome scans have limited utility.
So what advice should a physician offer patients? For the patient who appears with a genome map and printouts of risk estimates in hand, a general statement about the poor sensitivity and positive predictive value of such results is appropriate, but a detailed consumer report may be beyond most physicians’ skill sets. For the patient asking whether these services provide information that is useful for disease avoidance, the prudent answer is “Not now â€” ask again in a few years.” More information is needed on the clinical utility of this information in the light of existing disease-specific opportunities for prevention or early detection and the potential value that genomic profiles can add to that of simpler tools, such as the family health history. Finally, given the risk of commercial exploitation, if patients are determined to proceed, perhaps because they are simply curious, are genetic hobbyists, or are “early adopters” of new technology, it would make sense to encourage them to enroll in formal scientific studies. [emphasis added]
The idea of enrolling in formal scientific studies may be more prudent or altruistic but the reality is that when a customer pays for a genome scan, they have the right to keep their data private for their own use. Also, I doubt that scientific studies will come with the bells and whistles promised by the next-gen personal genome companies, including family tree building, social networking, and genome comparisons. For those interested in contributing to science and having their genomes scanned and/or sequenced, I would recommend checking out the the Personal Genome Project.
Co-author Dr. David Hunter gives more reasons for “why not to buy a scan of your genome” in US News & World Report. Below is the NEJM podcast interview of Dr. Muin Khoury.
Drug Companies Should Offer Free DNA Tests...
Let’s Talk About Direct-To-Consumer Genetic Testing...
Dr. Robert Marion on Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing...
Dr. Robert Marion on Physician Knowledge of Genetics...
Consumer Genomics and Personalized Medicine...
NEJM Focus on Genomewide Scans...
Eye on DNA Links for 22 July 2007...
Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.
Search Eye on DNA
- Genetic Genealogy on Faces of America
- DNA Network Tweet Cloud
- Genetics = Real Science
- Larry David’s DNA Test
- Lopez Tonight First Late-Night Show to Offer DNA Testing
- American Genes Don’t Exist
- Knowledge about Genetic Risk is Power or is it Fear?
- Murderer Gets Reduced Sentence Because His Genes Made Him Do It
- Video: Knome’s Ari Kiirikki Speaks with Medgadget
- DNA Toys: Ben 10 and Digimon Digivice
- 100 Facts About DNA
- Salaries for Jobs in Genetics
- Fetal Gender DNA Tests Answer Common Pregnancy Question...Or Not
- What does DNA mean to you?
- Eye on DNA Interview: Dr. Tzung-Fu Hsieh of RedTracer DNA Test for the Red Hair Gene, MC1R
- Books About DNA: The Crime of Reason by Robert B. Laughlin
- Genetically Modified Organisms Bring in the Cash
- Navigenics Introduces Physician Portal and Annual Insight Service
- How To Determine Paternity Without A DNA Test
- People Who’ve Had Their Genomes Sequenced
09/29/2009 07:03 am
- Larry David’s DNA Test
11/17/2009 02:52 am
- 23andMe DNA Tests for $399, Down From $999
09/10/2008 04:33 am
- Crazy Genetic Marketing Ideas
07/05/2008 09:14 pm
- Parenting Children Using Genetic Tests
05/18/2009 02:09 am
- Business of DNA
- DNA @ Google Answers
- DNA and Disease
- DNA and Genealogy
- DNA and the Law
- DNA Around the World
- DNA Fun
- DNA in General
- DNA Inventions and Gadgets
- DNA Lab Talk
- DNA Podcasts and Videos
- DNA Quotes and Excerpts
- DNA Testing
- Gene Therapy
- Genetic Engineering
- Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms
- Jobs Involving DNA
- Personalities with DNA
- Polls About DNA
- January 2010
- November 2009
- October 2009
- September 2009
- August 2009
- July 2009
- June 2009
- March 2009
- February 2009
- January 2009
- December 2008
- November 2008
- October 2008
- September 2008
- August 2008
- July 2008
- June 2008
- May 2008
- April 2008
- March 2008
- February 2008
- January 2008
- December 2007
- November 2007
- October 2007
- September 2007
- August 2007
- July 2007
- June 2007
- May 2007
- April 2007
- Microarray Blog
- The Personal Genome
- Biopolitical Times
- Cancer Genetics
- DNA Direct Talk
- Evolution…Not “Just a Theory” Anymore